Criminal Justice

Criminal justice jobs are made to protect and provide safety to the people in the community. Their world is diverse and all of the jobs under the criminal justice career require education and also a formal training from an accredited school. Job trainings are also needed to train those aspiring criminal enforcers to have the skills and knowledge needed in fighting against crimes. Criminal justice comes in a lot of jobs from administrative offices, research centers, courtrooms and even in fields. There a lot of different types of criminal justice jobs like law enforcements, correctional careers and legal careers as well. Law enforcements include positions for police officers, private investigators, detectives, federal agents, sheriffs, patrol agents and security officers. Correctional careers are like the parole and correctional officers and legal careers also include judges, lawyers and paralegals.

Criminal justice education is important before having a successful criminal justice career. Mostly all of them who are professionals hold either an associate degree or a bachelor degree. An associate degree can be completed for just two years while bachelor degree can be finished for four years. These courses also vary be specializations and the type of job. But, all of these educational programs include subjects on general psychology, sociology, political science, forensics and public administration. Every criminal justice career has a specialized skill and requirements. All jobs in this field have a lot of required strength like being attentive to details, ability to work under pressure and must meet deadlines. Investigative skills are also important. These people should also have the ability to work in places where they may be unfamiliar or uncomfortable. Since these job requires a person to deal with a lot of people, communication skills is important. One also has to know how to work independently or as a member of the investigating team. These skills and knowledge are molded and being taught in all criminal justice schools to prepare the students for their future careers. Job opportunities are everywhere but competing for this job position is a challenge.

If one is dreaming to become a law enforcer, what must he or she do? First, decide on what area you are interested and passionate in. Do some research for you to know the job descriptions, requirements, trainings and education needed. Having all your needed information will help a person in deciding what he or she wants. Next step to take is to decide whether you wanted to complete an Associate degree or Bachelor degree. But, completing a Bachelor degree will open a lot of opportunities for a person since most employers today setting higher standards for their employees. Those who have limited trainings will probably have those low-rank positions. Third step, find a criminal justice school that offers the best training and education. These schools require a person to have a high school diploma or GED. In school, students take classes on anatomy, biology, political science and all subjects needed in this course.

Criminal justice salary is between $24,000 to $170,000 depending on the working experience and the position. Education and also the geographical location of the workplace is also a factor in determining ones salary.

Emotional Justice?

The events surrounding the officer involved shooting of an ‘unarmed’ person in Ferguson, Missouri, are not unique by any measure. The public response was remarkable; the rioting was not understandable. Events like this have happened throughout our country’s history, and many of these events have been “answered” with a demand for instant or popular justice levied by the media or the public, prior to all of the facts being known. This kind of justice is driven by emotion, is not evidence based, and is just plain wrong. We must trust that the rule of law is not incorrect.

After one of these event’s headlines disappear, the media moves on to the next most current notorious event, because it sells, and oftentimes drops the first event altogether. It is no longer as important as when it first caught fire. No one watches day old house fires, because they are no longer burning!

Emotional justice does a disservice to all of us. As citizens, we are all stakeholders in this country, and should all be working together. This should include educating the citizens of our communities, as to what police really encounter on a daily basis, instead of having them believe that what they see on TV or movies about police response is what really happens.

Police officers witness wonderful and horrible things; are required to make decisions within micro seconds in critical situations; must respond when no ‘normal’ citizen would because of the danger; must rely on the limited training they get and the experience they acquire on-the-job; are not allowed by the public to make mistakes, even though they are human and subject to the laws of physics and biology and everything else that goes with being a human.

What the public does not generally know is that police officers are always behind the proverbial time curve when it comes to situations involving the use of force. What they also don’t realize is that an “unarmed” person can still be a threat to life or limb. A traditional weapon i.e., knife, gun, etc. only arms a person who is less capable of defending himself (e.g., David v Goliath, where David had a rock and sling and Goliath only had… get this… size and strength [?] therefore David was ‘armed’ and Goliath was… unarmed you say?) Generally, most folks have no idea as to how many questions run through a cop’s head before he acts in any heated situation. At light-speed, a cop must process all of those questions before he acts, and those micro seconds can cause a delay in action which can and does cost officers their lives. Like every citizen, cops have a right to go home after work, too!

The appropriate amount of force to use to control any threat can only be judged by one willing to stand in the shoes of the officer, know and experience what went on only during that thin slice of time when the event occurred, from the limited human perspective of one, who is faced with the danger of loss of life or limb, and act in spite of the fear of great bodily harm or death, when no average citizen could or would. No small task, is it! Judgement of these incidents cannot be accomplished by angry emotional responses and a demand for prosecution without real verifiable facts. That is neither justice, nor just.

The United States Supreme Court has addressed the issue of use of force by police in countless decisions. The decisions by the justices repeatedly reflect a deep understanding of what police are faced with on a daily basis. Their decisions provide guidance to the law enforcement community.

So who is to educate the public at large? The media could and should run the lead on this effort! I suggest the media might include some of the wisdom found in those Supreme Court case decisions in their coverage of these heated events, as they occur. It would be helpful, and ethically wise as stories develop, to indicate to the listeners that the story is developing and that all of the facts are not known. Media follow-up of these heated cases, after the facts are known, would be a smart thing to do. Police departments can wisely respond with some information, too, so long as an investigation or prosecution will not be compromised by the release of information. Some information is better than none. The public has a right to know at least some of the facts, and more of the facts as the situation resolves.

Citizens need police officers to act when things go wrong. Intelligent folks know that time is needed to investigate, corroborate, and conclude what series of events occurred in any situation where police have had to act with reasonable force in critical situations. Peoples’ emotions need to be checked, because unchecked emotions will always cloud good judgement. Emotional justice is no justice at all. Justice requires the transparency of fact. Courts do just that.

Law Student Jobs – Myths About Law Student Jobs

Legal field offers some of the most exciting job opportunities to the students of law. If you are interested in this field then you need to make sure that you have certain qualities in you. First of all you must be a hard working person and must love to work with challenges.

You might not think that being a lawyer you just need to provide justice to people and argue at the top of your voice inside the courtroom. There are lots of other important aspects of this profession.

Taking up a case requires lots of research and planning. If you are looking for law students jobs then first of all you need to enroll yourself to one of the best law schools of your country.

A law degree and a good training in law with really help you with legal jobs. You might have come across certain myths regarding the law student jobs. But if you want to make it big in this field then it is very important to get rid of all these things from your head and concentrate on your career.

First of all people think that to get these kinds of student jobs you really need to have good connections. Some people think that if they can befriend some of the best lawyers in town then their influence can be used to enter into the law school and then go for the entry level law jobs.

Secondly some people have the myth that you must have the power to argue well. You must remember that the matter is not about arguing. It is only about placing your points correctly so that your client cannot be denied justice.

Legal jobs are not only limited to being a lawyer. There are many other things which can be done. You can even take up legal secretary jobs or even law clerk jobs.
These kinds of jobs are always good as the entry level law jobs because you get so many things to learn. A good internship or the entry level jobs can become a ladder to move up in this career.

Most of the firms that hire people for legal work always look for the degree and they also make sure that they choose somebody who has been awarded with good marks in his graduation school and bar exam. Some people have the myth that computer is not essential for the legal workers because they perform paper work.

But this is not true. You must also have good computer skills because the documentation is usually done on the computers these days. A degree in business administration can also help you get law clerk jobs or even secretary jobs.

Commercial Law – Trademark Infringement on Google AdWords

Whenever a business successfully builds a positive reputation in the marketplace and establishes a solid client base, there is always the potential for trademark infringement to become a problem. Competitors may attempt to use names, phrases, designs and colour schemes which are similar to your own in order to lure away your customers by causing them to mistakenly associate your positive reputation with the product or service which they are providing.

This is particularly the case in the online world, where branding is extremely important. Most people find what they are looking for online by typing a search term into a search engine’s web page and then following the links to relevant websites which the search engine returns. But how does the law of trademark infringement apply to the sponsored links, such as Google AdWords?

What is Google AdWords
AdWords is a service which Google offers under which business can pay to “sponsor” a word. When this word is typed into Google, links to businesses which have sponsored that word appear prominently on the right hand side of the web page. So for example, an electrical goods company might sponsor the phrase “Cheap TV” and whenever someone searches for this phrase the company’s advert will appear at the right hand side of the page. The contentious issue here is that Google will allow businesses to sponsor AdWords which are also the brand names or trade marks of competitors.

What is the law?
In July 2010 the European Court of Justice issued guidance on the circumstances in which one company may use a trademark of another company as an ad-word when delivering its judgment in the case of Portakabin Limited and Portakabin BV v Primakabin BV.

In this case Primakabin and Portakabin were rivals which manufactured the same line of products (portable accommodation/storage units). Primakabin had purchased the ad-word “portakabin” from Google, together with common mis-spellings of this word. This meant that whenever anyone typed “portakabin” into Google, they would see an advert for Primakabin’s products at the top-right of the screen. Portakabin sued, claiming that Primakabin were infringing on its trademark.

What about Google’s liability for trademark infringement?
The European Court of Justice decided that in cases where one company purchases an ad-word which is also a trademark of a competitor, there is not a trademark infringement as long as the advert makes it clear that there is no commercial connection between the company placing the advert and the company which owns the trademark. The issue which any court must consider is whether there is a likelihood that anyone who saw the advert after typing in a search term would be confused as to the origin of the goods or services which are advertised

The case also clarified that it is possible for a company to infringe on its competitors intellectual property rights by purchasing and using AdWords which are mis-spellings of the competitor’s trademark. In these cases the advertiser has the same duty to make it clear that it is not commercially connected with the company which owns the trademark.

What about Google’s liability for trademark infringement?
The issue of Google’s liability for trademark infringement by advertisers or service users who host content online has already been addressed by the European Court of Justice in the case of Google France v Louis Vuitton. The Court decided that Google is not liable for trademark infringements which are perpetrated by users of its services as long as it takes steps to remove any content which infringes on another party’s intellectual property rights as soon as is reasonably practicable after it has been informed of the infringement.

Criminal Justice Career Salaries

What career path to choose after getting your criminal justice degree? This is a very important question to ask. In order to find the right answer, it is best to focus your attention on criminal justice careers and salaries. It is true that you have to like what you do, but it is more important to know that you have a sufficiently high income and opportunities for career development. Read on to find out more about the remuneration and advancement prospects in the different sectors.

Perhaps you do not want to work in the private sector, but sometimes it is easier to secure a job as a loss prevention agent or as a security officer. The entry level positions in loss prevention and security do not have particularly high salaries. You can earn between $28,000 and $34,000 a year. Still, the opportunities for career advancement are good. You can become a security supervisor or a loss prevention manager and earn $42,000 or $47,000 a year respectively.

Many graduates choose to work in the law enforcement sector. In fact, most find jobs in police and sheriff departments. A professional with an associate’s degree can readily secure a police or sheriff’s patrol officer job. The remuneration can range from $48,000 to over $58,000. Recent graduates can expect to get a salary from the lower range of the scale. The career prospects in police and sheriff departments are good. Higher positions in the police force, such as police manager, have salaries of around $70,000.

If you have a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice, you can work as a detective or a criminal investigator. When it comes to such criminal justice careers and salaries, you should know that advancement opportunities are good, while remuneration is quite high. The median salary of such professionals is $80,000 a year.

Crime rates are fluctuating, but they remain high. That is why the demand for correctional officers, probation officers and correctional treatment specialists has increased. While correctional officers can advance to managerial positions, those working in probation and correctional treatment have limited opportunities. Similarly, the annual salaries of correctional officers are around $10,000 higher on average. Such professionals earn around $57,000 per year.

The criminal justice careers and salaries in the Federal law enforcement sector are among the best and most widely sought after. ATF, DEA and FBI agents can earn around $100,000 a year or even more. The career advancement opportunities are very good. Still, it should be pointed out that professionals working in the Federal law enforcement sector have a degree as well as a considerable work experience. This means that the entry level positions are reserved for individuals who have worked in law enforcement for some time.

There are plenty of jobs for graduates in the legal sector. As a paralegal or a legal assistant, you can earn around $53,000. Career advancement opportunities are excellent for those who wish to go to law school and become attorneys.

This is the current situation with criminal justice careers and salaries. Current trends are expected to remain unchanged in the coming years.